What is Passive Voice?

Welcome to the world of passive voice, where the subject takes a backseat and lets the action shine. It’s a realm of English grammar that’s often misunderstood but incredibly useful. Let’s delve into its intricacies.

The Passive Voice

In the passive voice, the subject of the sentence is acted upon rather than performing the action. For example, “The goal was scored by Messi.” Here, the focus is on the action—scoring a goal—rather than who did it.

When to Use Passive Voice

There are specific scenarios where passive voice is your go-to:

  1. Unknown Actor: When you don’t know who performed the action. E.g., “The document was misplaced.”
  2. Emphasizing Action: When the action is more important than the actor. E.g., “A cure for cancer was discovered.”
  3. Scientific Writing: In scientific reports, the focus is often on the result rather than who achieved it.

How to Form Passive Sentences

To form a passive sentence, you’ll need:

  1. A form of the auxiliary verb “be”
  2. The past participle of the main verb
  3. Optionally, the actor introduced by “by”

Common Mistakes

Be cautious! Overusing passive voice can make your writing seem detached or impersonal. However, it’s a sure-fire way to emphasize actions when needed.


What is passive voice in example?

An example of passive voice is “The cake was eaten by the children.”

How do you identify passive voice?

Look for a form of the verb “be” followed by a past participle. Often, the actor is introduced by “by.”

What is passive voice vs active voice?

In active voice, the subject performs the action. In passive voice, the subject is acted upon.

How do you start a passive voice?

Start with the object of the action, followed by a form of “be” and the past participle of the verb.


The passive voice is a fascinating component of English grammar. While it’s often best to stick to active voice for clarity, don’t shy away from using passive when it serves your purpose. Master it, and you’ll add another layer of depth to your writing.

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Meta Description: Dive into the world of passive voice in English. Learn when to use it, how to form it, and how to avoid common mistakes. Ideal for ESL students and grammar enthusiasts.

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